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Causes and Symptoms

Varicocele is a medical condition that is characterized by the enlargement of veins within the scrotum or the loose bag of skin that holds the testicles. Varicoceles are similar to the varicose veins found in the leg, and they begin to form during puberty. They are usually found on the left side of the scrotum, but they can also be present on both sides. However, it is extremely rare for them to appear on both the right and left side.

While varicocele is a typical cause of infertility in men because it can lead to low production of sperm and decreased sperm quality, not all varicoceles can actually affect sperm production. Aside from fertility, varicoceles can also hamper the normal development of the testicles and even cause them to shrink.

Furthermore, they can easily be diagnosed and don’t require treatment in many cases. However, if the varicocele produces symptoms, it is usually repaired through varicocele surgery.

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What are the Common Symptoms of Varicocele?

Normally, varicoceles do not produce any symptoms.

However, in rare cases, they can cause pain and discomfort which varies from sharp to dull pain which intensifies while standing for extended periods of time and physical exertion. Also, varicoceles can adversely affect fertility.

Over time, they can become larger and more apparent.

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What Causes Varicoceles?

Blood gets transported to and from your testicles through the spermatic cord which contains veins, arteries and nerves. One-way valves move blood from the testicles to the scrotum and then send the blood back to the heart.

However, in some cases, blood doesn’t move through the veins normally and begins to pool in the vein. When this happens, the vein becomes enlarged. The exact cause of varicoceles is uncertain and there are no established risk factors that lead to their development.

When to See a Doctor in Atlanta for Varicoceles

Varicoceles typically cause no signs and symptoms and may be discovered during a physical examination or a fertility evaluation. Treatment for this condition is usually unnecessary, but if you are experiencing pain and swelling, a mass on the scrotum or fertility problems, it is recommended to contact your Atlanta urologist immediately.

At this point, you’ve probably researched your symptoms online and come to a conclusion about your condition. Maybe you’ve entered queries like “where to get varicocele treatment near me” or “urologist near me.” If this sounds familiar, Advanced Urology is here for you. Call Advanced Urology today at 678-344-8900 to learn more about treatment options and make an appointment.