Testicular Cancer

For the best treatment outcomes for testicular cancer, early detection is key. At its earliest stages, testicular cancer doesn’t affect the whole. At the outset, cancer cells are confined to the seminiferous tubules within the testicles. As the cancer advances, the cells grow into tumors and become more problematic.

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Essential Facts about Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is highly treatable, with the mortality rate being approximately 1:5000. It’s estimated that 1:250 men will contract testicular cancer at some point in their lives. The average age of diagnosed cases is 33, but testicular cancer may develop earlier or later in life. There are multiple types of cancer cells that are classified as “testicular cancer.” Testicular cancer can be primary (originating in the testicles) or it can be secondary (spreading to the testicles from another system).


Causes And Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer

The causes of testicular cancer are still unclear. The factors listed below increase the risk of developing testicular cancer.


Cryptorchidism or undescended testicles increases the risk of testicular cancer. When still in the womb, the development of a child’s testicles takes place in the abdomen of the baby. Testicles take various lengths of time to move down. Some people’s testicles don’t move down until puberty. Some may even need surgical intervention. When this happens, it is called cryptorchidism. However, cryptorchidism usually clears itself up as the testicles descend naturally.

Carcinoma in Situ

Carcinoma in situ (CIS) refers to abnormal growth of testicle cells. This is not cancer as there are no lumps or symptoms related to testicular cancer. If you’ve experienced abnormal testicular growth, you may be concerned. You may have searched online for “testicular cancer screening near me.” This condition will likely develop into cancer if it is not taken care of. About 50 percent of CIS patients end up having a testicular cancer diagnosis.

Schedule a cancer screening today by calling 678-344-8900.


Men suffering from infertility may develop testicular cancer. The main causes of infertility are:

  • Low sperm count
  • Abnormal sperm

There is, however, no concrete evidence yet that connects infertility with testicular cancer.


People who come from a family with a history of testicular cancer are more likely to suffer from it.


Hypospadias is an abnormality affects the urethra and the penis, its shape and its normal functionality.

An Inguinal Hernia

The groin area can develop a lump caused by problems in the bowel and the abdomen.


HIV or AIDS patients are more likely to develop testicular cancer.


Caucasian males are five times more likely to develop testicular cancer than any other group.


Extremely tall men are at a higher risk of having testicular cancer

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

If you’re interested in how to check for testicular cancer, examine yourself and note if you experience any of the following:

  • The swelling of one or both of the testicles. Lumps in the testicles may not cause pain. The lump is initially the size of a marble but can eventually grow bigger.
  • Feeling pain in the testicles
  • A heavy feeling of the scrotum
  • The feeling or size of the testicles has changed. One testicle may become bigger or softer than the other.
  • Pain in the abdomen or groin
  • Fluids suddenly start to build up in the scrotum
  • Tenderness in the breasts
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Chest pain
  • Swelling in one or both legs

Recurring Testicular Cancer

A person who has had testicular cancer before is more likely to develop it again. Up to four percent of men who’ve been treated for testicular cancer experience a recurrence. Schedule and keep regular doctor’s visits to monitor your health journey after testicular cancer.


When to Visit a Doctor in Atlanta for Testicular Cancer

Doctors ask their patients if they have experienced any symptoms related to testicular cancer. The doctor will examine the scrotum to check for lumps. The doctor may also order urine and blood samples to rule out other conditions. The good news is that it is possible to treat testicular cancer even if it has spread to other areas.

Testicular Cancer Diagnosis

The following tests are used to determine testicular cancer:

Physical Exam

The doctor will check the patient to learn if there are any signs of cancer. The testicles are examined for any lumps or swellings. The doctor will also review the patient’s medical history.


Sound waves are used to take an internal image of the testicular area. The image produced from an ultrasound scan is called a sonogram.

Serum Tumor Marker Test

There are certain substances that react in a certain way if the blood has traces of specific cancer in them. These substances are called tumor markers.

Testicular Cancer Diagnosis

Treatments for Testicular Cancer in Atlanta

Treating testicular cancer is critical. Although some types of testicular cancer treatment can result in infertility, testicular cancer is treatable with protocols that may include:

Treatments for testicular cancer and the likelihood of a full recovery depend on:

  • Cancer Type
  • Tumor Size
  • Cancer Stage

Testicular is very treatable. Be sure to get regular exams from your doctor or urologist to monitor your health and wellbeing.

Advanced Urology is actively monitoring the current Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. The health and well-being of our patients, staff and their families is of utmost importance to us. We will continue to follow CDC guidelines to help prevent exposure and spread of the virus. We are staying open to serve our patients in-person and offering Telehealth appointments for those that prefer to access care from home.