Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) generally interferes with the process of urination and causing discomfort. If you’ve experienced difficult or uncomfortable urination, you may be feeling worried. Perhaps you’ve even researched “prostate enlargement treatment near me.” Advanced Urology is here for you.
Treatment of enlarged prostate benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH often targets relieving discomfort and preventing an escalation of the condition. If left untreated, BPH can affect the bladder, urethra (urinary tract) or the kidneys. It is, therefore, important that you contact your doctor immediately if you experience any discomfort while urinating. Further tests will either confirm the condition or rule it out altogether.
BPH develops when non-cancerous nodules begin to grow in the prostate gland. This causes the gland to expand, a process that in turn constricts the urethra tube passing through it. BPH is a progressive condition where the gland increases in size over time. Statistics show that at 40 years, 20 percent of men will experience an enlarged prostate. This figure grows to 70 percent and 90 percent of men aged 60 and 80 respectively. This high prevalence rate coupled with a lack of pathological factors linked to it seems to indicate that BPH is simply an age-related occurrence, rather than a disease-related one.
If you are a man over the age of 40, it is highly likely that you may experience an enlarged prostate. This may start with mild symptoms that come and go and it may not be any cause for alarm. These mild symptoms can be managed with medication (such as alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors) and a blend of lifestyle and behavioral changes. Over time, your prostate may continue to enlarge and cause more acute symptoms. When this happens, it may be time to consider other forms of treatment, including minimally invasive surgery or combination drug therapy.
It is not entirely clear what the causes of BPH are. It is thought that as men age, changes in sex hormones may be responsible for the gradual enlargement of the prostate. However, there are some risk factors that are associated with BPH.
- Age – If you are over 40 years, you run a higher risk of getting BPH.
- Genetics – If you have a close relative like a brother or father with BPH, you may be genetically predisposed to get the condition.
- Medication for BPH – If you use beta blockers for treatment of diabetes or heart disease, they may cause your prostate to enlarge.
- Lifestyle – Obesity can increase the risk of BPH.
- Medical complications – Conditions like urinary tract infections (UTIs), prostatitis, urethral stricture, kidney stones, and prostate or bladder cancer can also lead to BPH.
Prevention of BPH involves a combination of living a healthy lifestyle and regular checkups. While these measures, in a strict sense, will not prevent BPH, they will help delay or prevent further prostate enlargement.
How to prevent BPH:
- Exercise – Regular exercise has been shown to improve blood flow and regulate hormones.
- Diet – Foods that improve prostate health include berries, oily fish, nuts, legumes, green tea, and watermelon.
- Avoid caffeine-rich beverages – These have been shown to overwork your kidneys and to irritate bladder and urethra linings.