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Medications and Supplements

Medication options for overactive bladder look to solve the root causes of OAB in both men and women. Behavioral interventions are often the first form of treatment used in this case, but they may not always be effective. Medication should be considered a secondary approach to treating OAB once other methods haven’t helped. Medications may be helpful in treating the symptoms of an overactive bladder, but do not always repair its causes.

The Common Medications for OAB

The most common class of medication prescribed for all symptoms of OAB is known as antimuscarinics. Antimuscarinics come from the family of anticholinergics and are the standard for reducing the impact of OAB on your bladder and your body.

Antimuscarinic medication blocks the receptors in the bladder’s walls to reduce the muscle activity, usually resulting in a reduction in the frequency and urgency to urinate

Medications that are commonly prescribed as antimuscarinic include:

  1. Tolterodine (Detrol LA, Detrol)
  2. Oxybutynin (Ditropan XL)
  3. Oxybutynin in the form of a skin patch (Oxytrol)
  4. Oxybutynin gel (Gelnique 3 percent, Gelnique)
  5. Trospium (Sanctura)
  6. Solifenacin (Vesicare)
  7. Darifenacin (Enablex)
  8. Fesoterodine (Toviaz)
  9. Mirabegron (Myrbetriq)

Although there aren’t severe side effects commonly associated with these drugs, common side effects include dry mouth and dry eyes. Patients suffering from a dry mouth will overcompensate by drinking more water and may end up aggravating the symptoms of an overactive bladder, rather than reducing them.

Constipation, which is another possible side effect of the drugs, may also end up aggravating your overactive bladder. The skin patch or gel form of these medications may be better suited for most people since they cause fewer side effects. However, your doctor may recommend you sugar-free candy to counter a dry mouth, and eye drops for keeping your eyes moisturized.

The Common Medications for OAB

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Supplements or Natural Products for OAB

Supplements or natural products that can come in handy for countering the impact of OAB include the following:

  • Gosha-jinki-gan – This is basically a blend of ten Chinese herbs that are traditionally believed to stop the involuntary contraction of your bladder.
  • Ganoderma Lucidum – This is an herbal extract found in East Asia. The herb has traditionally been believed to have an impact on urinal issues. Moreover, its significance was recently gauged through a research that found how useful it was in treating the symptoms of OAB.
  • Corn Silk – Corn silk is one medicine that has for ages been used for the treatment of nighttime incontinence and bladder irritation.
  • Capsaicin – This natural remedy is believed to come from chili peppers. Research in this regard has suggested that using this natural compound can improve your sensitive or overactive bladder.
  • Magnesium Hydroxide – This supplement was used on multiple female participants in a study, and it was reported that over 50 percent of all the participants showed improvement in the reduction of symptoms for nocturia and urinary incontinence.
  • Pumpkin Seed Extract – Pumpkin seed extract has been found to be useful for both OAB and nighttime urination.
  • Vitamin D – Higher Vitamin D levels within the body have been linked with a lower risk of pelvic disorders in women.

Because most supplements are unregulated and approved for the official treatment of overactive bladder, talk to your Atlanta urologist before starting any over-the-counter supplement regimen to ensure you don’t create any added interactions or side effects.


What To Do When Medication for OAB Doesn’t Work

There are chances that the medications recommended to you by your doctor may not work when it comes to reducing the impact of OAB on your body. You may still be experiencing its impact like before and the medications may have little to no role to play in the treatment or reduction of the symptoms.

This is when your urologist will discuss other possible treatment options. Have a look at the pros and cons of each treatment method before proceeding. Make sure that you find an experienced surgeon. If you’re considering surgical treatment, you may be researching them online with queries like “surgery for overactive bladder near me” or “procedure to correct overactive bladder near me.” If this is you, call Advanced Urology today at 678-344-8900 to learn more about treatment options and make an appointment.