Kidney stones are differentiated by the type of salts that form them. The four most common types are listed below:
Calcium stones are the most prevalent. Calcium oxalate is the most common one although it is possible to calcium salts consisting of phosphate or maleate. Foods such as potato chips, chocolate, peanuts, etc. should be minimized.
Interestingly though, getting enough calcium can go a long way in preventing kidney stones.
It normally affects people suffering from gout or undergoing chemotherapy. Acidic urine is the main culprit. The acidity in urine is mainly caused by purines, which are mainly found in animal proteins (meat, fish, etc.).
Women suffering from urinary tract infection (UTIs) are most affected by struvite stones. The stones are usually big and can lead to urinary obstruction. Struvite stones are mainly caused by a kidney infection.
They affect both men and women who have cystinuria, a genetic disorder that causes cystine acid to be passed into the urine. Cystine acid is naturally found in people, however, it becomes a problem if the kidneys let an excessive amount pass into the urine.