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Diagnosis and Testing

Kidneys are bean-shaped organs about the size of a fist that are responsible for filtering urine before it passes into the bladder. It isn’t clear what causes kidney cancer, but we do know how it happens. Cells in your kidneys mutate and aggressively multiply. This causes a tumor to form either on or inside of the kidney. Doctors and specialist use a series of tests and screenings if you’re showing symptoms of kidney cancer. Starting with blood and urine screening and ending with a biopsy, these tests have been proven time and again to be accurate. Most cases can be diagnosed through a urine and blood screening, but if your Atlanta urologist remains suspicious you may be required to a CT or MRI scan and from there a kidney biopsy.

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How to Know When You Need to Be Tested for Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is on the rise recently and affects millions of Americans and people worldwide. The usual symptoms of kidney cancer are:

  • Blood in urine giving it a rusty color
  • Pain in the backside near the spine
  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • Extreme unexplainable weight loss
  • Intermittent fever

Doctors don’t know what exactly causes kidney cancer, but they have pinpointed several risks that can make you more prone to kidney cancer.

  • Older age – As with most cancers, the older you are the more at risk you are for cancer.
  • Smoking – Smokers are at an increased risk for kidney cancer but the risk drops dramatically after quitting.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) – People who suffer from high blood pressure risk kidney cancer.
  • Family history – Some genes prone to kidney cancer are inherited as well as diseases like hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma.
  • Exposed to dangerous substances – People who work with dangerous chemicals like pesticides run a high risk of kidney cancer.
  • Poor treatment of kidney failure – Long-term dialysis due to several kidney failures are more susceptible to kidney cancer.

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What to Expect from Testing for Kidney Cancer in Atlanta

If you suspect you have kidney cancer or if you’re suffering from any of the symptoms listed above, it’s important to schedule an appointment with your doctor or urologist immediately. If your doctor suspects kidney cancer, a series of test will be performed for an accurate diagnosis.

Blood and Urine Testing

Signs and symptoms of kidney cancer may be found in your blood and urine. The doctor or nurse will take a small sample of both for quick test results.

Image Testing

A CT scan or MRI will give the doctor a visual image of the kidney. An inside look will allow the doctor or specialist examine the kidney for lesions or anything else that may be causing your symptoms.


Removing tissue from a suspicious area for testing by going into the bladder with a small device. The process uses a small scope to identify the troubled area and physically collect a tissue sample. The sample is tested for kidney cancer.

These procedures are all relatively quick, non-invasive and accurate in diagnosing kidney cancer. The most invasive will obviously be the kidney cancer biopsy.

At this point, you’ve probably researched your symptoms online and come to a conclusion about your condition. Maybe you’ve entered queries like “where to get kidney cancer treatment near me” or “urological oncologist near me.” If this is you Advanced Urology is here for you. Call Advanced Urology in Atlanta today at 678-344-8900 to learn more about treatment options and make an appointment.