According to Medical News Today, kidney cancer affects 1 in 63 people and accounts for over 14,000 deaths per year. It is prevalent among people aged between 50 and 80 years. Kidney cancer can start either at the renal tubule or the renal pelvis. In some instances, cancer may start from other parts of the body and spread to the kidney. Technically, this type of cancer may not be referred to as kidney cancer.
The several types and grades of kidney cancer are:
Renal Cell Carcinoma
This is the most prevalent type of kidney cancer that attacks adults. It accounts for approximately 85 percent of all adult cancer cases. It starts in the proximal renal tubules which are the essential components of the kidney’s filtration system. The kidney is made of thousands of tiny renal tubules.
This is a rare type of kidney cancer. It starts by affecting the soft tissue in the kidney. Though it can be treated, it normally returns or returns to other organs.
It is sometimes referred to as transitional cell carcinoma. It starts in the renal pelvis, an area that collects urine in a kidney before it goes to the bladder. It is similar to bladder cancer because they both develop in the same location.
It causes both kidneys to enlarge.
This kind of kidney cancer mostly affects children.
Common Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
The majority of the symptoms are warning signs that there’s a problem with your kidneys.
Hematuria, which is the presence of blood in the urine, is one of the most significant symptoms of kidney cancer. It is experienced by between 40 to 50 percent of kidney cancer patients.
The color of urine can change even if there is a tiny amount of blood present in it. The frequent colors are brownish, pink, and red sometimes. The blood may not appear consistently. However, there may be a small presence of blood in the urine and will take urinalysis to detect it.
Lower Back Pain
Back pain is not common in kidney cancer patients. Many people only experience it if cancer reaches an advanced stage.
Around 21 percent of kidney cancer patients experience shortages in red blood cells. The kidney instructs the body to produce red blood cells. Cancer can potentially disturb this process and result in low red blood cell count. This will intensify the fatigue and cause other symptoms such as short breath and dizziness.
People suffering from renal cancer carcinoma have higher chances of developing a lump in the back, side or abdomen. The lumps are not easy to feel especially in the early stages of cancer.
People with cancer may suddenly experience a quick loss of weight even when they are not on a diet. This may be caused by an unexpected loss of appetite.
Causes of Kidney Cancer
The exact causes of kidney cancer are still unknown. The factors listed below increase the likelihood of having cancer.
People over the age of 40 are at a higher risk of getting cancer.
Men are more prone to getting kidney cancer than women.
Excess weight can cause hormone change that can increase the risk of getting cancer.
People who suffer from kidney diseases for a long time have increased chances of getting cancer.
People should avoid chemicals benzene, some herbicides, asbestos, cadmium, etc. as they are responsible for causing cancer.
African Americans develop kidney cancer at a higher rate than Caucasians and other groups.
A person who comes from a family with a cancer history has a higher risk of getting cancer.