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Medications and Supplements

Interstitial cystitis (IC) can be treated with oral medications, physical therapy, electrical nerve stimulation, bladder instillation, bladder distention and surgery.

There is a long list of oral medications that can be taken for the treatment of Interstitial Cystitis (IC). However, the only medication approved specifically to address this disorder is Pentosan polysulfate sodium. It is deemed effective because 30 percent of those with IC that are taking this medicine report fewer symptoms.

Medications Most Commonly Prescribed for Interstitial Cystitis (IC)

Below are the specific types of oral medications which can provide relief from the symptoms of interstitial cystitis (IC):

Pentosan polysulfate sodium to restore your bladder’s inner surface which protects the wall of your bladder from the components of urine that cause irritation. The beneficial effect of this drug may take around two to six months to show. You may need to take this medicine for two to four months before you will start to experience relief from pain, and around six months to reduce the frequency and urge of urinating. Other medications may include:

  • Tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine and amitriptyline) to ease your bladder and block pain and discomfort
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (e.g., naproxen sodium and ibuprofen) to provide pain relief
  • Antihistamines (e.g., loratadine) to minimize the frequent urge to urinate and reduce the occurrence of other symptoms

Talk to your Atlanta urologist about medication options that are appropriate for you and your health situation.

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Supplements or Natural Products for Interstitial Cystitis (IC)

There are also other complementary treatment options for Interstitial Cystitis which involve natural products and supplements. For instance, combining water with one tablespoon of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and then drinking it can provide relief from an IC flare. Other natural products that are helpful for the treatment of IC include:

  • L-arginine – This can help those with IC because it can increase the production of nitric oxide, produce antibacterial effects, and relax your blood vessels.
  • Calcium glycerophosphate – This can minimize the effects of urine components that cause irritation in the urinary bladder.
  • Bioflavonoids – For their antibacterial and antioxidant properties
  • Mucopolysaccharides – For the restoration of the outer layer of your urinary bladder
  • Chinese herbs including gardenia, Cornus and rhubarb

When Medication Doesn’t Work for Interstitial Cystitis (IC)

For severe cases of interstitial cystitis wherein oral medications do not seem to work, your doctor may advise you to undergo invasive surgical solutions, bladder distension or bladder instillation. If you’ve been experiencing difficult symptoms related to bladder pain or IC, you’ve probably begun researching solutions online with queries like “urologist near me” or “treatment for IC near me.” If this is you, Advanced Urology in Atlanta can help. Call us today at 678-344-8900 to learn more about treatment options and make an appointment.

Bladder Instillation

There are some instances wherein bladder instillation is the recommended treatment option. Through this procedure, the prescription medication dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is instilled into your bladder through a thin tube that is inserted into your urethra. DMSO treatment may be done weekly for six to eight weeks, and you may undergo maintenance treatments if necessary. Furthermore, bladder instillation may also involve solutions that have lidocaine, heparin or pentosan and sodium bicarbonate.