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Causes and Symptoms

Interstitial cystitis — also referred to as painful bladder syndrome — is a medical condition which causes mild to severe pain and pressure in the bladder as well as pelvic pain.

The bladder is the hollow, muscular organ where urine is stored. When it becomes full, it will send a signal to your brain that it is time to urinate and cause the urge to do so. However, with interstitial cystitis, the signals sent to the brain get mixed up and you will feel the urge to urinate more frequently and in smaller volumes.

While the exact cause of this condition is unknown and there are several possible explanations, there are different medications and therapies that can be used to provide relief from its symptoms.



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What Are the Common Symptoms of Interstitial Cystitis?

The symptoms of interstitial cystitis may vary from one person to another. If you are experiencing this condition, you may have periodic flaring due to common triggers such as menstruation, stress, sexual activity and exercise. Below are some of the signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis:

  • Pelvic pain
  • For women, pain or discomfort between the vagina and anus
  • For men, pain or discomfort between the anus and scrotum
  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Frequent urination throughout the day and night, but only in small volumes
  • Pain in the bladder when it gets full
  • Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse

While these symptoms of interstitial cystitis resemble the symptoms of urinary tract infection, IC doesn’t actually involve an infection. Yet, when a person who suffers from interstitial cystitis acquires a UTI, the symptoms may become more severe.

Pain and discomfort caused by IC can range from a dull pain to a strong piercing one. You may also experience a severe burning sensation or just a sting.


What Causes Interstitial Cystitis?

The specific cause of interstitial cystitis is unknown. However, here are some of the possible factors that cause IC:

  • An issue with your bladder tissue makes things in your pee cause irritation in your bladder.
  • There is something in urine that damages your urinary bladder.
  • Chemicals that cause IC symptoms get released by your body due to inflammation.
  • You have a problem with your nerves, making you feel pain in your bladder.
  • Your immune system attacks your urinary bladder.

When to See a Doctor in Atlanta for Interstitial Cystitis

If you are having chronic pain in your bladder, frequent urination and intense urge to urinate, it is recommended you consult with your Atlanta urologist. Furthermore, if you are experiencing other signs such as fever, pain in the pelvic area or discomfort between your anus and your genitals, you should undergo medical check-up soon.

If you’ve experienced symptoms like these, chances are you’ve already started researching symptoms online with queries like “urologist near me” or “treatment for painful urination near me.” If this is you, Advanced Urology in Atlanta can help. Call us today at 678-344-8900 to learn more about treatment options and make an appointment.