These are some common hematuria causes:
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by microorganisms that enter the body making their way through the urinary tract and into the bladder.
Bacteria can enter the kidneys either via the bloodstream or the urethra.
Kidney stones occur when calcium or magnesium salt crystallize to form lumps. These lumps can vary in size, shape, texture, etc. These crystals can eventually form small hard stones. Kidney stones are often very painful.
Kidney stones are passed out the body in urine. Sometimes, the stones collect in the bladder. They become bladder stones.
The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It sits below the bladder and surrounds the urethra. When the prostate gland is enlarged, it squeezes the urethra. This affects urine flow.
If there is an inflammation of the kidneys’ filtering system, urinary bleeding occurs.
Late stage bladder, kidney or prostate cancer may cause gross urinary bleeding. Since this may be the late stages of cancer, it may be too late to treat it.
Inherited sickle cell anemia can cause urinary bleeding.
Strenuous exercise does not often lead to visible urinary bleeding. The relationship between hematuria and strenuous exercise is still a mystery. It is speculated that it may be caused by bladder trauma, dehydration or the breaking down of red blood cells.
Athletes usually develop hematuria. However, anyone can be affected after doing some strenuous exercises.
An injury to the kidney can lead to hematuria.
Some anticancer medications are likely to cause hematuria.