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Epididymitis is the inflammation of the epididymis, a tube located at the back of the testicles which stores and carries sperm.

Understanding Epididymitis Symptoms

Epididymitis can be either acute, meaning it lasts for six weeks or less, or chronic, which lasts for six weeks or more. Symptoms for acute epididymitis come on quickly and pain and inflammation are often sudden. Acute epididymitis may also include inflammation of the testes. Chronic epididymitis develops more slowly and is accompanied by a duller pain.

Symptoms to watch out for include low-grade fever, enlarged lymph nodes in the groin, urgent or frequent urination, abnormal discharge from the penis, or blood in the semen. Epididymitis is also typically accompanied by pain and/or pressure in the pelvic area and testicles during sexual intercourse, urination or bowel movements. Also watch out for redness, tenderness or warmth in the scrotum.

Understanding Peyronie's Disease

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Causes of Epididymitis

Epididymitis can happen to individuals of all ages but is most common in males aged 14 to 35.

It is typically caused by a sexually transmitted infection or a bacterial infection.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are the most common causes of epididymitis as they cause an infection in the urethra which can sometimes travel down the vas deferens to the epididymis or testes and cause infection. Urinary tract infections, tuberculosis, and other non-sexually transmitted diseases can similarly travel from the urethra to the epididymis causing epididymitis.

Epididymitis Treatments

Treatment for epididymitis is dependent on the underlying infection. Treatment for a causal bacterial infection often includes medication such as antibiotics, pain medication, and anti-inflammatory medication. Doctors will often also suggest bed rest, cold packs, and avoiding lifting heavy objects. It can often take a week to several weeks-long course of antibiotics of which the entire course should be taken.

Occasionally, complications with epididymitis arise which can include puss-filled infections or abscesses in the scrotum. If the condition spreads from the epididymis to the testes, the condition is called epididymo-orchitis. Very rarely epididymitis may cause reduced fertility. If no other treatments prove successful, surgery may become an option. Here, all or part of the epididymis may be removed and any physical defects that may be causing the infection will be corrected.


How Advanced Urology Can Help: Treatment Options for Epididymitis

If you are suffering from severe pain and swelling of the testes or are worried you may have epididymitis, Advanced Urology is here for you.

Our board-certified team of urological health experts is ready to help you with diagnostic care and a range of treatment options including pain management and possible surgical options. We will counsel you about the best options for you and your health.

For more information, schedule an appointment today or call to speak with one of our patient coordinators.

Non-surgical Treatments for Peyronie's Disease Near Atlanta, Georgia