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Bladder Cancer

Occurring most frequently in men, bladder cancer is among the most common types of cancer and affects nearly 70,000 U.S. adults annually. Of this group, 90 percent of this cancer occurs in adults over the age of 55. Survival rates for bladder cancer vary depending on the stage of the cancer at the time of cancer diagnosis. While survival rates for later stage cancers that have metastasized into the lymphatic system are relatively low, there is good news — usually, the prognosis isn’t all too dire. The average five-year survival rate for bladder cancer is 77 percent.

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer occurs when uncontrolled cell production in the bladder appears, producing cancer cells. As cancer cells begin to grow in the bladder, tumors may form. These cancer cells usually first appear in the inner bladder lining, the urothelium or transitional epithelium. It is here at this stage that it’s most manageable with treatment. As the cancer progress, growing through the layers of bladder tissue and beyond, treatment methods grow more complex.

What is Bladder Cancer?

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Common Bladder Cancer Types

These are the most common types of bladder cancer:

  • Noninvasive Papillary Carcinoma – This cancer is generally classified as stage 0, with the cancerous tissue being a small growth on the bladder tissue. This is easily treatable by removing the cancer tissue.
  • Flat Carcinoma In Situ (CIS) – Another stage 0 cancer, CIS appears near or on the surface of the bladder and is also easily treatable by removing the problem tissues and is known for its flat cells.
  • Urothelial Carcinoma or Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC) – Affecting the urothelial tissues of the bladder, urothelial carcinoma causes small tumors to form in the lining tissue of the bladder. This form of cancer is often easily treated when discovered in its earlier stages.

Less Common Bladder Cancer Types

These are less common bladder cancer types:

  • Adenocarcinoma – This is a rare, invasive type of bladder cancer, similar to colon cancer in the type of cells generated. Adenocarcinoma accounts for about one percent of bladder cancers that occur.
  • Small Cell Carcinoma – This is another rare (one percent of cases), fast-growing cancer that is usually treatable with chemotherapy.
  • Sarcoma – These rare cancers affect the muscles of the bladder organ.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma – Rare in their occurrence, squamous cell carcinomas are usually invasive and more easily treated in early stages.

Less Common Bladder Cancer Types


Causes of Bladder Cancer and How to Prevent Bladder Cancer

There are certain causes and risk factors for bladder cancer that patients should consider. Avoid behaviors and environmental factors that increase the risk of cancer such as:

  • Smoking & other tobacco use
  • Exposure to carcinogenic chemicals
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Parasitic infections, often in international travelers entering certain areas
  • Increasing age
  • Being male
  • Being caucasian
  • Chronic bladder or urinary inflammation or cystitis
  • Family history of bladder cancer
  • Previous treatment for cancer

Here are a few tips for bladder cancer prevention:

  • Drink plenty of high-quality, clean water
  • Eat lots of antioxidant-rich vegetables and fruits
  • Cease smoking immediately
  • Limit or eliminate all exposure to carcinogenic chemical compounds in the workplace or environment

Healthy Lifestyle Tips for Living With Bladder Cancer

If you’re living with bladder cancer, a supportive lifestyle is essential to managing and treating your condition. Don’t start any new bladder cancer medication, diet or exercise regimen without consulting your physician.

  • Get enough rest — Your body is working hard!
  • Manage fatigue — Getting tired is a fact of living with cancer. Order your priorities so that fatigue doesn’t hinder you from attaining your most important goals.
  • Exercise regularly — You’ll actually have more energy by giving your body the gentle exercise it needs to function well. Visit one of the area’s beautiful parks like Stone Mountain or Sweetwater Creek State Park for a refreshing walk in nature or take a stroll down the Beltline.
  • Drink plenty of filtered water — Hydration is key to proper kidney and bladder functioning.
  • Cease smoking now — Smoking increases the risk of cancer and makes recovery even more difficult.
  • Get support — Don’t battle cancer alone. Whether it’s group therapy, friends or family, having a support system in person or online is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle.
  • Eat a healthy, nutrient-dense diet — Your body needs high-quality fuel to heal and prosper. Antioxidant foods including a high ratio of fruits and vegetables work best.

How to Know When to See a Doctor in Atlanta for Bladder Cancer

If you see blood or blood clotting in your urine, see a doctor immediately to determine the cause. Other symptoms and warning signs of bladder cancer include:

  • Difficulty urinating or weak urine stream
  • Feeling of urgency to urinate even when bladder isn’t full
  • Painful or burning sensations when urinating

Other signs of cancer may include:

  • Weight loss
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling feet
  • Bone pain
  • Inability to urinate
  • Low back pain on one side

If you’ve experienced any of these symptoms, we urge you to schedule an appointment. If you’re feeling stress about a bladder cancer diagnosis, we are here for you. You may be looking for answers online, searching the web for “bladder cancer screening near me.” The earlier you can diagnose bladder cancer, the better your chances for a successful treatment outcome will be. Call us today at 678-344-8900 to set an exam for bladder cancer screening.

What to Expect When Seeking Treatment For Bladder Cancer in Atlanta

Depending on your current level of health, the stage of your bladder cancer and your personal preferences, there are multiple treatments for bladder cancer.

Treatments for bladder cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy

If you believe you have bladder cancer or have been diagnosed, it can be a difficult feeling to process.

You are not alone.

At Advanced Urology, our Atlanta medical team is dedicated to giving you the care, attention and support you need to combat bladder cancer. Call us today at 678-344-8900 to set an appointment and discuss your treatment options.